Today’s changing industries are putting higher demands on manufacturers to produce high quality industrial supplies and apparel. Being fueled by government and industry regulations, standards are increasing for safe work practices and performance industrial supplies along with personal protective equipment (PPE) and apparel. As industries continue to grow and expand their scope of work, comprehensive solutions are required to meet business needs. In addition, science and industry continue to develop new type of industrial apparel to provide protection against newly recognized hazards.Let us take a look at how these changing factors have spurred higher demand for quality apparel, tools, equipment, and supplies.The Regulatory WorldRegulations are constantly being created, revised, and implemented. Hazards are classified and ranked and then have mandates about the best method to mitigate and prevent them. Industrial supplies play a big part in maintaining federal, state, and industry compliance with best practices. Personal protective equipment is the cornerstone of safe jobsites after engineering solutions and work practices.One example of new federal regulations coming into effect in the near future will cover road crews working on federal highways. Workers will be required to wear high visibility clothing and products to protect them from motorists and other construction hazards. As new chemicals and other products are examined by federal agencies, new safety measures are required to protect workers from exposure.Hazard IdentificationThe basis for drafting regulations comes from an industry-wide survey of hazard identification. Obviously, problems have to be investigated before new rules or products can be created. However, with the growth of industry hygienists and safety commissions, and in light of recent disasters such as major refinery accidents, identifying potential hazards on the job has seen increased focus and attention from within the industry as well as by external groups. Classes of potential harm have been expanded and applied to more industries as well. Today, blood-borne pathogens and infectious diseases are present in every work environment, not just hospitals. Clothing, PPE, and supplies designed to prevent the spread of disease and pathogens have been one area of higher demand.As new products and processes are invented and implemented, new regulatory bodies come into existence. Old chemicals that were once thought to be benign now need to be protected against. The Right to Know Program and resulting material safety data sheets have created additional demand for high quality apparel and equipment to mitigate dangers.Offering Versatile Protection With Industrial ApparelIndustry operates in a wide array of conditions and environments, all requiring their own unique set of solutions. Whether it is highly dangerous environments that might have radiation or nuclear waste, all the way to common dangers such as extreme temperature, fire hazards, chemical exposure, and electrical arc, industrial supplies have to be up to the task at hand.Fires will continue to be a major source of injuries and accidents. Industrial supplies are created with safeguards to prevent fires, but workers should also be wearing flame-resistant industrial apparel in any jobsite that has the potential for flash fires or electrical fires. Flame-resistant clothing is designed to flake away when exposed to high temperatures, rather than melt to the skin like polyester or continue to burn like cotton.Insulation and protective barriers are essential in many industries. Waterproof clothing, splash suits, and other chemically resistant industrial apparel are used in wet working conditions and in every chemical industry. Insulation is also vital for outdoor jobsites. Work with energized equipment, meaning welder’s gloves or leather-work gloves should be standard issue on every jobsite.Growth In IndustryEven in the face of a recession, industry is still growing; stimulus programs and cheap credit have spurred more construction jobs. Basic laws of supply and demand dictate that industrial supplies will rise in demand as new jobs are created. Construction, public safety, and public utilities are all expanding and generating demand for high performance supplies and protective industrial apparel. New jobs created with federal money also come with the stipulation that contractors adhere to government regulations on safety, further generating demand for products.In the long term, demand is being created by a growth in industry, new regulations and compliance laws, the identification of new hazards and chemical agents, and a general increase in awareness in how high performance products, supplies, and personal protective equipment are necessary for safe jobsites and overall worker safety.
Industrial agglomeration is the result of the free moving and free configuring of productive factors. It is an inevitable phenomenon that industries highly concentrated in a particular area under the conditions of market economy. Because agglomeration can promote economic development and enhance regional competitiveness, finding out the evolution laws of agglomeration is helpful to develop appropriate regional strategies and industrial policies.Industrial agglomeration has been guided by government in the period of planned economy, industrial structure was inefficient. In the process from planned economy transferring to market economy, the fluidity of product factors has been enforced, many industries’ location are guided by the economic rule instead of government planned policy, industrial layout has changed dramatically.New Economic Geography theory suggests that the industrial agglomeration and regional integration take on a reversed “U” curve under the interaction between scale of economy and transportation costs, that is, inter-regional transport costs continue to decline with the development of market economy, and the geographic layout of industries will be dispersed after gathering.Based on the theory this paper analyses the location selection and geographical evolution of different industries.By calculating the EG index and CR3 of 18 industries in China through 15 years, this paper obtained a relatively complete and detailed evolution trend of the industrial agglomeration. The results showed that many manufacturing industries’EG indexes increased which was consistent with their CR3s, such as chemical fiber manufacturing industry, electronics and telecommunications equipment manufacturing industry, instrumentation and Cultural office machinery manufacturing, textiles, electrical machinery and equipment manufacturing industry, food processing and manufacturing, paper and paper products industry, chemical fuel and chemical products industry, which basically belong to technology-intensive and labor-intensive industries. But there also same industries whose EG indexes remain unchanged, such as beverage manufacturing, oil processing and coking industry, pharmaceutical manufacturing, fabricated metal products, ferrous metal smelting and rolling processing industry, non-ferrous metal smelting and rolling processing industry, these industries are basically resource-intensive industries.Surprisingly, the machinery and equipment manufacturing and transportation equipment manufacturing industry which have obvious economies of scale were hardly increased in EG indexes and CR3s, this may have something with places limited rationality during the market-oriented reform process in our country.Regarding to the areas where industries agglomerated, the eastern areas became the biggest area while other areas declined in concentration. Northeast of China experienced a biggest drop, the dominance of many industries in this area have been replaced by eastern areas. And central regions also had a slight decrease of industrial concentration. As regards to northwest and southwest of China, no matter past or present, their industrial agglomeration level was the lowest, and as time goes by, this level becomes further low. Tibet, Qinghai, Ningxia, Xingjiang etc. almost have no manufacturing industries.On the basis of the calculating of agglomeration rates of 18 industries, the paper analyzed the reasons why different industries performed different evolution trends. The main conclusions including: Firstly, endowment advantages impact industrial location by natural advantages and acquired advantages of a certain area. Secondly, generally speaking, the integration of domestic market is increasing, which reduced inter-regional transportation costs and promoted the industrial agglomeration. Thirdly, the level of international market integration is higher than domestic market integration level. Many industries concentrated to Eastern China because of the strengthening of external demands, foreign direct investments and good market accesses.